QUAD Resources

Quad Meetings 2017-2022,Official Statements

Quad 1st Official level Meeting in Manila ( 12 Nov 2017)         

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Talks over dinner: Prime Minister Narendra Modi with U.S. President Donald Trump, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and other leaders at a dinner in Manila on Sunday.

Australian Foreign Ministry  -   A statement from the Australian Foreign Ministry informed that freedom of 

navigation was discussed at the ‘Quad.’ It said, “Upholding the rules-based order in

 the Indo-Pacific and respect for international law, freedom of navigation and

 overflight; increase(ed) connectivity; ... challenges of countering terrorism and 

upholding maritime security in the Indo-Pacific” were also discussed.

The U.S Statement -   The U.S.’s statement indicated that further cooperation “to curtail DPRK (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea)’s nuclear and missile programmes and unlawful acts” 

were also on the agenda of Sunday’s discussions.

The Indian Statement- Indian official sources emphasized that the quadrilateral was not aimed at any other country and said New Delhi was also involved in similar groupings in the region to

 deal with security and political issues.

Senior Official Level Quad Meeting in Singapore( 7th June 2018)

The Indian Statement - The Indian statement on Thursday’s meeting made reference to “India’s vision for the Indo-Pacific Region as outlined in Prime Minister’s Keynote Address at Shangri-La 

Dialogue,” however.

The U.S., Australian, and Japanese statements - The U.S, Australian, and Japanese statements added that the four Quad countries would continue discussions on a regular basis, suggesting that the mechanism’s meetings would become more frequent. The Indian statement noted that it would 

continue to “partner with all countries and institutions in the region to promote the 

shared vision of a peaceful, secure and prosperous Indo-Pacific.”

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Each of the four countries released a statement on the four-way consultations,
without making any reference to the arrangement being a “quadrilateral.” All four
statements noted some variant of the countries each support a free, open,
prosperous, and inclusive “Indo-Pacific region.”

Quad Foreign Ministers Meeting in New York (September 26,2019)

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These meetings have not yielded any joint statement, but each side has issued a separate press statement.

This time there have been no press releases, except for tweets from the official accounts of the ministers. 

The 'Quad' meeting in progress on the sidelines of the UNGA in New York, in 2019. Photo: Twitter/@DrSJaishankar

Dr. S Jaishankar (India) - India’s external Affairs minister made the following tweets after the Quad Meet-

A morning of plurilaterals @UN: Quad, BRICS, IBSA and Alliance for Multilateralism.

Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas in foreign policy.

Thank you #Quad Foreign Ministers 

@SecPompeo

 @moteging

 and 

@MarisePayne

 

Thank you #BRICS Foreign Ministers Sergey Lavrov, 

@ernestofaraujo

, Wang Yi and 

@NalediPandor

Secretary Pompeo (U.S) - Secretary Pompeo of the U.S made the following tweet-

 

Positive meeting with @MarisePayne, @DrSJaishankar, and @moteging. We discussed our shared interest in building a free and open #IndoPacific, denuclearization of #NorthKorea, and joint efforts to promote regional stability.

Marise Payne (Austrailia)- Marise Payne of Austrailia made the following tweet-

 

I met today in New York with my counterparts from the US, Japan and India to discuss our efforts to maintain and promote an open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific, and reaffirm our #Quad commitment to shared values and cooperation.

@SecPompeo @moteging @DrSJaishankar

 

Payne also posted that the ministers discussed “efforts to maintain and 

promote an open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific”.

Alice Wells  (U.S) - Senior U.S diplomat Alice Wells said that- The September 26 meeting marked a “significant elevation in the level of…dialogue”.

 

She also said the upgradation in the dialogue level “demonstrates the leadership of all four countries in institutionalizing this gathering of like-minded Indo-Pacific partners”.

Quad Ministerial meet at Bangkok (November 4th 2019)

The US statement- The US Statement said the meeting advanced ‘’practical collaboration on counter -terrorism, cyber development finance, maritime security, humanitarian assistance and disaster response.

The Indian Ministry Of external Affairs- The Indian Ministry of External Affairs said the four parties 

“reaffirmed their commitment towards a free, open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific Region based on shared values and principles and respect for international law.”

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The ministerial Meeting of the  Quad in 2019

Secretary Pompeo (U.S) - Pompeo said in a Washington, D.C., policy address. “This will prove very important in the efforts ahead, ensuring that China retains only its proper place in the world.”

“We’ve reconvened ‘the Quad’ – the security talks between Japan, Australia, India and the United States that had been dormant for nine years,” Pompeo said in a Washington, D.C., policy address. “This will prove very important in the efforts ahead, ensuring that China retains only its proper place in the world.”

Both the U.S. and Indian statements emphasized the “centrality” of the Association 

of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in their readouts. ASEAN leaders have expressed 

concern that the “quad” may seek to supplant ASEAN’s role in the region.

Quad Foreign Ministers meeting in Tokyo (6th October 2020)

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 S. Jaishankar with Secretary Pompeo in the Foreign Minister’s Quad meeting on 6th October 2020.

Following are the Readouts issued by the countries after the quad meeting -

Marise Payne ( Australia) - Today, I met the Foreign Minister of Japan, the External Affairs Minister of India and the Secretary of State of the United

States for the second Quad Foreign Ministers’ Meeting.

We reaffirmed our commitment to working together, and with regional countries, tosupport COVID-19 recovery and promote a stable, resilient and inclusive Indo-Pacific.

While the Quad ministers did not release a joint statement, Australia, India, Japan,

and the U.S. They did issue readouts.

Ministers reiterated our governments’ commitment to supporting Indo-Pacific countries

in managing the health and economic impacts of COVID-19, and agreed that access to

safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines would be a critical factor not only to save lives but

also to drive regional economic recovery.

At the same time, the strategic environment in the Indo-Pacific is becoming more

complex. Pressure on the rules, norms and institutions that underpin stability has the

potential to undermine recovery. We emphasized that, especially during a pandemic, it

was vital that states work to ease tensions and avoid exacerbating long-standing

disputes, work to counter disinformation, and refrain from malicious cyberspace activity.

Ministers reiterated that states cannot assert maritime claims that are inconsistent with

international law, particularly the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

(UNCLOS).

We agreed to enhance cooperation to promote a strategic balance in the Indo-Pacific,

and work to support a region of resilient and sovereign states that engage each other

on the basis of rules, norms and international law. Ministers underscored their strong

support for ASEAN centrality, and the important role of ASEAN and ASEAN-led

architecture, particularly the East Asia Summit, in supporting regional stability and

recovery. They agreed on the importance of the principles set out in the ASEAN Outlook

on the Indo-Pacific in guiding the region out of the COVID-19 crisis and shaping the

post-pandemic regional order.

Quad countries will continue to deepen cooperation in areas including maritime

security, cyber affairs and critical technology, critical minerals, counter-terrorism, and

humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. Ministers agreed on the importance of

strengthening the resilience of regional supply chains, key cyber-enabled systems and

critical infrastructure. To this end, we emphasized the importance of quality

infrastructure investment as a driver of strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive

economic growth, which will be critical to supporting the region’s economic recovery.

Ministers also agreed to further strengthen cooperation with regional partners and

institutions, including in the Mekong sub-region.

Quad countries will continue to work closely at all levels, and the ministers looked

forward to convening Quad ministerial meetings on a regular basis.

Indian Ministry Of External Affairs -

Dr. S. Jaishankar, Minister of External Affairs participated in the Second India-Australia-Japan-USA

Ministerial Meeting on 6 October 2020 in Tokyo. The Foreign Ministers followed up on their

discussions in September 2019 and discussed the post Covid-19 international order. They called for a

coordinated response to the challenges including financial problems emanating from the pandemic;

need to share best practices to combat Covid-19; increasing the resilience of supply chains; and

enhancing access to affordable vaccines, medicines and medical equipment

 

The Foreign Ministers exchanged views about regional issues of mutual interest, and issues related to

connectivity; humanitarian assistance and disaster relief; maritime safety and security; healthsecurity, and counter terrorism. They reaffirmed their collective vision of maintaining a free, open

and inclusive Indo-Pacific. They reiterated their firm support to ASEAN centrality and highlighted

their readiness to work towards realizing a common vision for the Indo-Pacific. Appreciating the

value of these consultations, they agreed to hold them regularly

The External Affairs Minister also had a bilateral meeting with H.E. Mr. Michael Pompeo, Secretary of

State of USA.; and will be meeting H.E. Ms. Marise Payne, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Australia;

and the Foreign Minister of Japan H.E. Mr. Toshimitsu Motegi. These meetings provided the

respective Ministers an opportunity to review ongoing bilateral cooperation and discuss regional,

global and other issues of mutual interest.

Japan Ministry Of external Affairs- 

On October 6, commencing at 5:15 p.m. for approximately 3 hours, Mr. MOTEGI

Toshimitsu, Minister for Foreign Affairs, chaired the Second Japan-Australia-India-U.S.

Foreign Ministers’ Meeting and dinner with Senator the Hon Marise Payne, Minister for

Foreign Affairs of the Commonwealth of Australia, H.E. Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar,

External Affairs Minister of India, and The Honorable Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State of

the United States, who are visiting Japan. The overview of the meeting and the dinner is as follows:

1. The four Ministers welcomed the Second Japan-Australia-India-U.S. Foreign

Ministers’ Meeting, which became the first ministerial-level international conference

in Japan since the outbreak and spread of COVID-19.

2. The four Ministers exchanged views on the response to various challenges which

have come to the fore with the outbreak and spread of COVID-19, and affirmed their

intention to continue their cooperation in the areas of health and hygiene and on

issues including making new international rules in such areas as digital economy.

The four Ministers affirmed the importance of broadening cooperation with more

countries for the realization of a “Free and Open Indo-Pacific” as the vision serves

for the peace and prosperity of the region and its importance in the post-COVID

world is increasing. In this regard, the four Ministers reaffirmed their strong support

for ASEAN’s unity and centrality as well as the ASEAN-led regional architecture.

They also reaffirmed their full support for the ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific.

3. The four Ministers concurred on further developing practical cooperation in

various areas such as quality infrastructure, maritime security, counter-terrorism, cyber

security, humanitarian assistance/disaster relief, education and human resource.

4. The four Ministers also exchanged views on regional affairs such as North Korea

and East and South China Seas

Mike Pompeo (U.S) Statement towards China - Pompeo sounded combative toward China, noting that“We

couldn’t have imagined the pandemic that came from Wuhan,” going on to add “[t]what crisis was made

infinitely worse by the Chinese Communist Party’s coverup.

Mike Pompeo (U.S) Statement towards Quad- Pompeo suggested that the Quad should be

institutionalized, following which “we [Quad members] can begin to build out a true security framework” for the Indo-

Pacific. He also described the Quad as the “fabric” that could “counter the challenge

that the Chinese Communist Party presents to all of us.”

Opening Remarks by S. Jaishankar (India) - During his opening remarks on Tuesday, India’s External

Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar said the events of this year had demonstrated the importance of the like-minded countries to coordinate responses to the challenges that the pandemic has brought.

Quad Leaders Virtual Summit (12th March 2021)

Quad leaders Joint Statement-

1. We have convened to reaffirm our commitment to quadrilateral cooperation between Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. We bring diverse perspectives and are united in a shared vision for the free and open Indo-Pacific.

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Quad leaders' Virtual Summit

We strive for a region that is free, open, inclusive, healthy, anchored by democratic values, and unconstrained by coercion. We recall that our joint efforts toward this positive vision arose out of an international tragedy, the tsunami of 2004. Today, the global devastation wrought by COVID-19, the threat of

climate change, and security challenges facing the region summon us with renewed purpose. On this historic occasion of March 12, 2021, the first-ever leader-level summit of the Quad, we pledge to strengthen our cooperation on the defining challenges of our time.

2. Together, we commit to promoting a free, open rules-based order, rooted in international law to

advance security and prosperity and counter threats to both in the Indo-Pacific and beyond. We support the rule of law, freedom of navigation and overflight, peaceful resolution of disputes, democratic values, and territorial integrity. We commit to work together and with a range of partners. We reaffirm our strong support for

ASEAN’s unity and centrality as well as the ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific. Full of potential, the Quad

looks forward to the future; it seeks to uphold peace and prosperity and strengthen democratic resilience, base on universal values.

3. Our common goals require us to reckon with the most urgent of global challenges. Today, we pledge to

respond to the economic and health impacts of COVID-19, combat climate change, and address shared

challenges, including in cyber space, critical technologies, counterterrorism, quality infrastructure investment,

and humanitarian-assistance and disaster-relief as well as maritime domains.

4. Building on the progress our countries have achieved on health security, we will join forces to expand safe,

affordable, and effective vaccine production and equitable access, to speed economic recovery and benefit

global health. With steadfast commitment to the health and safety of our own people, we also recognize that

none of us can be safe as long as the pandemic continues to spread. We will, therefore, collaborate to strengthen equitable vaccine access for the Indo-Pacific, with close coordination with multilateral organizations including the World Health Organization and COVAX. We call for transparent and results-oriented reform at the World Health Organization. We are united in recognizing that climate change is a global priority and will work to strengthen the climate actions of all nations, including to keep a Paris-aligned temperature limit within reach.

We look forward to a successful COP 26 in Glasgow. We will begin cooperation on the critical technologies of

the future to ensure that innovation is consistent with a free, open, inclusive, and resilient Indo-Pacific. We will

continue to prioritize the role of international law in the maritime domain, particularly as reflected in the United

Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and facilitate collaboration, including in maritime

security, to meet challenges to the rules-based maritime order in the East and South China Seas. We reaffirm our commitment to the complete denuclearization of North Korea in accordance with United Nations Security

Council resolutions, and also confirm the necessity of immediate resolution of the issue of Japanese abductees. As long-standing supporters of Myanmar and its people, we emphasize the urgent need to restore democracy and the priority of strengthening democratic resilience.

5. To advance these goals and others, we will redouble our commitment to Quad engagement. We will combine our nations’ medical, scientific, financing, manufacturing and delivery, and development capabilities and establish a vaccine expert working group to implement our path-breaking commitment to safe and effective vaccine distribution; we will launch a critical- and emerging-technology working group to facilitate cooperation

on international standards and innovative technologies of the future; and we will establish a climate working

group to strengthen climate actions globally on mitigation, adaptation, resilience, technology, capacity-building,

and climate finance. Our experts and senior officials will continue to meet regularly; our Foreign Ministers will

converse often and meet at least once a year. At the leader level, we will hold an in-person summit by the end of 2021. The ambition of these engagements is fit to the moment; we are committed to leveraging our partnership to help the world’s most dynamic region respond to historic crises, so that it may be the free, open, accessible, diverse, and thriving Indo-Pacific we all seek.

Quad Leaders Summit in Washington D.C ( 24th September 2021)

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 S. Jaishankar with Secretary Pompeo in the Foreign Minister’s Quad meeting on 6th October 2020.

Quad Leader’s Joint Statement -

We, the leaders of Australia, India, Japan, and the United States, convened today in person as “the Quad” for the

first time. On this historic occasion we recommit to our partnership, and to a region that is a bedrock of our

shared security and prosperity—a free and open Indo-Pacific, which is also inclusive and resilient. Just six

months have passed since our last meeting. Since March, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused continued global

suffering; the climate crisis has accelerated; and regional security has become ever-more complex, testing all of

our countries individually and together. Our cooperation, however, remains unflinching

The occasion of the Quad summit is an opportunity to refocus ourselves and the world on the Indo-Pacific and

on our vision for what we hope to achieve. Together, we recommit to promoting the free, open, rules-based order,

rooted in international law and undaunted by coercion, to bolster security and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific and

beyond. We stand for the rule of law, freedom of navigation and overflight, peaceful resolution of disputes,

democratic values, and territorial integrity of states. We commit to work together and with a range of partners.

We reaffirm our strong support for ASEAN’s unity and centrality and for ASEAN’s Outlook on the Indo-Pacific,

and we underscore our dedication towards working with ASEAN and its member states—the heart of the

Indo-Pacific region—in practical and inclusive ways. We also welcome the September 2021 EU Strategy for

Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific.

Since our first meeting, we have made considerable progress in tackling some of the world’s most pressing challenges: the COVID-19 pandemic, the climate crisis, and critical and emerging technologies.

Our partnership on COVID-19 response and relief marks an historic new focus for the Quad. We launched the Quad Vaccine Experts Group, comprised of top experts from our respective governments, charged with building strong ties and better aligning our plans to support Indo-Pacific health security and COVID-19 response. In doing so, we have shared assessments of the state of the pandemic and aligned our efforts to combat it, reinforced shared diplomatic principles for mitigating COVID-19 in the region, and actively improved coordination of our efforts to support safe, effective, quality-assured vaccine production and equitable access, in close collaborations with multilateral efforts including the COVAX Facility. In addition to doses financed through COVAX, Australia, India, Japan, and the United States have pledged to donate more than 1.2 billion doses globally of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines. And to date, we have delivered nearly 79 million safe, effective, and quality-assured vaccine doses to countries in the Indo-Pacific as part of those commitments.

 

Thanks to the Quad Vaccine Partnership’s financing of increased manufacturing capacity at Biological E LTD, additional production in India will come on line later this year. In line with our March announcement, and recognizing the continuing global supply gap, we will ensure this expanded manufacturing is exported for the Indo-Pacific and the world, and we will coordinate with key multilateral initiatives, such as the COVAX Facility, to procure proven safe, effective and quality-assured COVID-19 vaccines for low- and middle-income countries. We also recognize the importance of open and secure supply chains for vaccine production.

We have accomplished much to date despite months of pandemic hardship throughout the region and world. The Quad leaders welcome Biological E LTD’s production, including through our Quad investments, of at least one billion safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines by the end of 2022. Today, we are proud to announce an initial step towards that supply that will immediately help the Indo-Pacific and the world to end the pandemic. The Quad also welcomes India’s announcement to resume exports of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines, including to COVAX, beginning in October 2021. Japan will continue to help regional partners purchase vaccines through $3.3 billion of COVID-19 Crisis Response Emergency Support Loan. Australia will deliver $212 million in grant aid to purchase vaccines for Southeast Asia and the Pacific. In addition, Australia will allocate $219 million to support last-mile vaccine rollouts and lead in coordinating the Quad’s last-mile delivery efforts in those regions.

We will also strengthen our Science and Technology (S&T) cooperation in the areas of clinical trials and genomic surveillance so that we can accelerate our efforts to end this pandemic and build better health security. We are committed to align around shared global targets to help vaccinate the world, save lives now, and build back better, including by strengthening global health security financing and political leadership. Our countries will also conduct a joint pandemic-preparedness tabletop or exercise in 2022.

 

We have joined forces to tackle the climate crisis, which must be addressed with the urgency it demands. Quad countries will work together to keep the Paris-aligned temperature limits within reach and will pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. To this end, Quad countries intend to update or communicate ambitious NDCs by COP26 and welcome those who have already done so. Quad countries will also coordinate their diplomacy to raise global ambition, including reaching out to key stakeholders in the Indo-Pacific region. Our work is organized across three thematic areas: climate ambition, clean-energy innovation and deployment, and climate adaptation, resilience and preparedness, with the intent to pursue enhanced actions during the 2020s, contributing to the aim of achieving global net-zero emissions preferably by 2050, and taking into account national circumstances. We are pursuing nationally appropriate sectoral decarbonization efforts, including those aimed at decarbonizing shipping and port operations and the deployment of clean-hydrogen technology. We will cooperate to establish responsible and resilient clean-energy supply chains, and will strengthen the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure and climate information systems. Quad countries will work together for successful outcomes at the COP26 and G20 that uphold the level of climate ambition and innovation that this moment requires.

We have established cooperation on critical and emerging technologies, to ensure the way in which technology is designed, developed, governed, and used is shaped by our shared values and respect for universal human rights. In partnership with industry, we are advancing the deployment of secure, open, and transparent 5G and beyond-5G networks, and working with a range of partners to foster innovation and promote trustworthy vendors and approaches such as Open-RAN. Acknowledging the role of governments in fostering an enabling environment for 5G diversification, we will work together to facilitate public-private cooperation and demonstrate in 2022 the scalability and cybersecurity of open, standards-based technology. With respect to the development of technical standards, we will establish sector-specific contact groups to promote an open, inclusive, private-sector-led, multi-stakeholder, and consensus-based approach. We will also coordinate and cooperate in multilateral standardization organizations such as the International Telecommunication Union. We are mapping the supply chain of critical technologies and materials, including semiconductors, and affirm our positive commitment to resilient, diverse, and secure supply chains of critical technologies, recognizing the importance of government support measures and policies that are transparent and market-oriented. We are monitoring trends in the critical and emerging technologies of the future, beginning with biotechnology, and identifying related opportunities for cooperation. We are also launching today Quad Principles on Technology Design, Development, Governance, and Use that we hope will guide not only the region but the world towards responsible, open, high-standards innovation.

We have established cooperation on critical and emerging technologies, to ensure the way in which technology is designed, developed, governed, and used is shaped by our shared values and respect for universal human rights. In partnership with industry, we are advancing the deployment of secure, open, and transparent 5G and beyond-5G networks, and working with a range of partners to foster innovation and promote trustworthy vendors and approaches such as Open-RAN. Acknowledging the role of governments in fostering an enabling environment for 5G diversification, we will work together to facilitate public-private cooperation and demonstrate in 2022 the scalability and cybersecurity of open, standards-based technology. With respect to the development of technical standards, we will establish sector-specific contact groups to promote an open, inclusive, private-sector-led, multi-stakeholder, and consensus-based approach. We will also coordinate and cooperate in multilateral standardization organizations such as the International Telecommunication Union. We are mapping the supply chain of critical technologies and materials, including semiconductors, and affirm our positive commitment to resilient, diverse, and secure supply chains of critical technologies, recognizing the importance of government support measures and policies that are transparent and market-oriented. We are monitoring trends in the critical and emerging technologies of the future, beginning with biotechnology, and identifying related opportunities for cooperation. We are also launching today Quad Principles on Technology Design, Development, Governance, and Use that we hope will guide not only the region but the world towards responsible, open, high-standards innovation.

Going forward, we will not only deepen our cooperation in these critical areas, but we will broaden it to new ones. Building upon each of our regional infrastructure efforts, separately and together, we are launching a new Quad infrastructure partnership. As a Quad, we will meet regularly to coordinate our efforts, map the region’s infrastructure needs, and coordinate on regional needs and opportunities. We will cooperate to provide technical assistance, empowering regional partners with evaluative tools, and will promote sustainable infrastructure development. We support the G7’s infrastructure efforts, and look forward to cooperating with like-minded partners, including with the EU. We reconfirm the G20 Quality Infrastructure Investment Principles and will reenergize our efforts to provide high-standards infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific. We reaffirm our interest in continuing our engagement with the Blue Dot Network. We emphasize the importance of supporting open, fair, and transparent lending practices in line with international rules and standards for major creditor countries, including on debt sustainability and accountability, and call on all creditors to adhere to these rules and standards.

Today, we begin new cooperation in cyber space and pledge to work together to combat cyber threats, promote resilience, and secure our critical infrastructure. In space we will identify new collaboration opportunities and share satellite data for peaceful purposes such as monitoring climate change, disaster response and preparedness, sustainable uses of oceans and marine resources, and on responding to challenges in shared domains. We will also consult on rules, norms, guidelines and principles for ensuring the sustainable use of outer space.

We are proud to begin a new chapter of educational and people-to-people cooperation as we inaugurate the Quad Fellowship. Stewarded by Schmidt Futures, a philanthropic initiative, and with generous support from Accenture, Blackstone, Boeing, Google, Mastercard, and Western Digital this pilot fellowship program will provide 100 graduate fellowships to leading science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate students across our four countries. Through the Quad Fellowship, our next generation of STEM talent will be prepared to lead the Quad and other like-minded partners towards the innovations that will shape our shared future.

In South Asia, we will closely coordinate our diplomatic, economic, and human-rights policies towards

Afghanistan and will deepen our counter-terrorism and humanitarian cooperation in the months ahead in

accordance with UNSCR 2593. We reaffirm that Afghan territory should not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists, or to plan or to finance terrorist acts, and reiterate the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan. We denounce the use of terrorist proxies and emphasized the importance of denying any logistical, financial or military support to terrorist groups which could be used to launch or plan terror attacks, including cross-border attacks. We stand together in support of Afghan nationals, and call on the Taliban to provide safe passage to any person wishing to leave Afghanistan, and to ensure that the human rights of all Afghans, including women, children, and minorities are respected.

We also recognize that our shared futures will be written in the Indo-Pacific, and we will redouble our efforts to ensure that the Quad is a force for regional peace, stability, security, and prosperity. Towards that end, we will continue to champion adherence to international law, particularly as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law ofthe Sea (UNCLOS), to meet challenges to the maritime rules-based order, including in the East and South China Seas. We affirm our support to small island states, especially those in the Pacific, to enhance their economic and environmental resilience. We will continue our assistance with Pacific Island countries on responses to the health and economic impacts of COVID-19 and on quality, sustainable infrastructure, as well as partner to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change, which poses especially serious challenges for the Pacific.

We reaffirm our commitment to the complete denuclearization of North Korea in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolutions, and also confirm the necessity of immediate resolution of the issue of Japanese abductees. We urge North Korea to abide by its UN obligations, refrain from provocations. We also call on North Korea to engage in substantive dialogue. We are committed to building democratic resilience in the Indo-Pacific and beyond. We continue to call for the end to violence in Myanmar, the release of all political detainees, including foreigners, engagement in constructive dialogue, and for the early restoration of democracy. We further call for the urgent implementation of the ASEAN Five Point Consensus. We will deepen our cooperation in multilateral institutions, including at the United Nations, where reinforcing our shared priorities enhances the resilience of the multilateral system itself. Individually and together, we will respond to the challenges of our time, ensuring that the region remains inclusive, open, and governed by universal rules and norms.

We will continue to build habits of cooperation; our leaders and foreign ministers will meet annually and our senior officials will meet regularly. Our working groups will continue their steady tempo to produce the

cooperation necessary to build a stronger region.

At a time that tests us all, our commitment to realize a free and open Indo-Pacific is firm, and our vision for this partnership remains ambitious and far-reaching. With steadfast cooperation, we rise to meet this moment, together.

Indian Ministry Of External Affairs -

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi participated in the first in-person Quad Leaders’ Summit in

Washington D.C., USA on 24 September 2021, along with Prime Minister Scott Morrison of

Australia, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga of Japan, and President Joseph Biden of the United

States of America. The Leaders had a very useful exchange of views which reinforced the shared

interests, values and underlying principles in which the Quad framework was anchored.

2. The Leaders shared their respective perspectives on Afghanistan and the regional situation in

South Asia and the Indo-Pacific. On Afghanistan, they agreed to deepen their cooperation in

counter-terrorism, humanitarian assistance and called on the Taliban to abide by UN Security

Council Resolution 2593.

3. The Leaders denounced the use of terrorist proxies and emphasized the importance of denying

any logistical, financial or military support to terrorist groups which could be used to launch or

plan terror attacks, including cross-border attacks.

4. The Quad Leaders took stock of progress made since their March 2021 Summit, especially the

Covid-19 vaccine partnership. They welcomed Prime Minister’s announcement that India will start

supply of India-made Covid 19 vaccines to the Indo-Pacific region with eight million doses, from

October 2021. With the objective of normalising international travel and ensuring predictability,

Prime Minster proposed common travel norms among countries and mutual recognition of

vaccination certificates.

5. The Leaders discussed affirmative actions towards climate change, decarbonization efforts in

shipping and port operations, deployment of clean hydrogen technology, the need for responsible

and resilient clean energy supply chains. In this context, Prime Minister proposed a Global Green

Hydrogen coalition, given our respective strengths and capabilities. The Leaders also launched a

Shipping Taskforce that will coordinate greening and decarbonizing the shipping value chain.

Mumbai Port Trust will participate in this initiative along with ports from the other three Quad

countries.

6. The Leaders issued the Quad Principles on Technology Design, Development, Governance, and

Use that will guide not only the region but the world toward responsible, open, high-standards

innovation.

7. To facilitate and strengthen people to people linkages, the Leaders announced a Fellowship

program for 100 students per year to pursue Masters and Doctoral degrees in STEM fields in US.

8. A Quad Infrastructure Coordination Group was launched to share assessments of regional

infrastructure needs and coordinate approaches, technical assistance and capacity-building

efforts,

9. The Leaders also setup a space cooperation working group to exchange satellite data for

monitoring and adapting to climate change, disaster preparedness, and responding to challenges

in shared domains.

10. The Summit was an opportunity for the Leaders to build on the Quad’s positive momentum and

its constructive agenda to make it a force for global good. The Leaders reiterated their

commitment and shared vision for a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region. They agreed to

maintain regular contact and continue the high-level dialogue.

Joe Biden (U.S President)-

The US President Joe Biden said that the relationship between India and the US, the world's two largest

democracies, is destined to be "stronger, closer and tighter, as he hosted Prime

Minister Narendra Modi at the White House for the first bilateral meeting and discussed a wide range

of priority issues, including combating Covid-19, climate change, trade and the Indo-Pacific.

Opening the summit, President Biden said the four democracies have come together to take on

common challenges from Covid to climate. This group has democratic partners who share world

views and have common vision for the future, he said.

Narendra Modi (P.M of India)-

Quad will bring peace and prosperity to the Indo-Pacific region and the world with its positive

approach, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said at the start of the summit of its four leaders in

Washington.

"On the basis of democratic values, Quad with positive ideas and a positive approach is determined

to move forward," Modi said on Friday at the White House seated around a flower-bedecked island

with the other leaders, President Joe Biden and Prime Ministers Yoshihide Suga of Japan and Scott

Morrison of Australia.

"Whether it is supply chain, security, climate action, Covid response, or technology cooperation, I am

happy to discuss them with our friends," he said speaking in Hindi.

In a way, Quad would play the role as “Force for Global good,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in

his short address and exuded confidence that this cooperation by the four democracies will ensure

peace and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region and the world.

Quad Foreign Ministers Meeting in Melbourne, Australia (11th February, 2022)

Joint statement by:

The Foreign Ministers of Australia, India and Japan and the Secretary of State of the United

States -

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Left to right; U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, Australia's Minister for Foreign Affairs Marise Payne, India's Minister of External Affairs S. Jaishankar, and Foreign Minister of Japan Yoshimasa Hayashi participate in the Quad foreign ministers' press conference in Melbourne, Friday, Feb. 11, 2022. | Photo Credit: AP

We, the Foreign Ministers of Australia, India and Japan and the Secretary of State of the United

States met in Melbourne, Australia on 11 February 2022, for the fourth Quad Foreign Ministers’

Meeting. In the meeting, we reaffirm the Quad’s commitment to supporting Indo Pacific countries’efforts to advance a free and open Indo-Pacific – a region which is inclusive and resilient, and in

which states strive to protect the interests of their people, free from coercion.

Our meeting advanced the Quad’s positive and ambitious agenda. We are focused on working closely with Indo-Pacific partners to address the region’s most important challenges. Working together as the Quad, we are more effective in delivering practical support to the region.

As unwavering supporters of ASEAN unity and centrality, and the ASEAN-led architecture, we continue to support ASEAN partners to advance the practical implementation of ASEAN’s Outlook on the Indo-Pacific. The Outlook’s principles are fundamental to regional stability and prosperity and will be key to guiding the region’s economic and political future. We acknowledge the importance of sub-regional mechanisms and institutions, including in the Mekong sub-region. We will continue to support Cambodia in its important role as 2022 ASEAN Chair.

As we enter the third year of the COVID-19 pandemic, Quad partners have collectively provided more than 500 million vaccine doses. Together, we have pledged to donate more than 1.3 billion vaccine doses globally. We are pleased with the Quad Vaccine Partnership’s rapid progress in expanding vaccine production at the Biological E Ltd facility in India, which aims to deliver at least 1 billion vaccines by the end of 2022. We look forward to the delivery of the first batch of Quad-supported vaccines in the first half of this year. We are assisting to train healthcare workers, combat vaccine hesitancy and augment infrastructure, especially cold chain systems, for ‘last mile’ vaccine delivery. We are working to identify and address vaccine gaps and barriers exacerbated by gender, disability and social inequities, and ensure safe, effective, affordable and quality-assured vaccination coverage in hard-to-reach areas. We welcome the timely initiative for coordinating the response to combat the COVID pandemic under a Global Action Plan for Enhanced Engagement.

We welcome progress on the practical cooperation we lead as Quad Foreign Ministers to address regional challenges, including humanitarian assistance and disaster response (HADR), maritime security, counter-terrorism, countering disinformation and cyber security.

We are strengthening HADR cooperation in the region. Since 2004, when we collaborated in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami, Quad partners have continued to respond quickly and effectively to natural disasters in the Indo-Pacific. We recognise that recent natural disasters and the COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the need to build and maintain resilience against such events, and are proud to be supporting our Tongan partners in their response and recovery efforts following the January 2022 volcano eruption and tsunami. We commit to further strengthening our collaboration and building links between our response agencies to provide timely and effective HADR support to the region.

The Quad recognises that international law, peace, and security in the maritime domain underpins the development and prosperity of the Indo-Pacific. We reiterate the importance of adherence to international law, particularly as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), to meet challenges to the maritime rules-based order, including in the South and East China Seas. We are determined to deepen engagement with regional partners, including through capacity-building and technical assistance, to strengthen maritime domain awareness; protect their ability to develop offshore resources, consistent with UNCLOS; ensure freedom of navigation and overflight; combat challenges, such as illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing; and promote the safety and security of sea lines of communication.

The Quad is exchanging information on ever-evolving threats and working with Indo-Pacific countries, and in multilateral fora, to counter all forms of terrorism and violent extremism. We denounce the use of terrorist proxies for cross-border terrorism and urge countries to work together to eliminate terrorist safe havens; disrupt terrorist networks and the infrastructure and financial channels which sustain them; and halt cross-border movement of terrorists. In this context, we call on all countries to ensure that territory under their control is not used to launch terror attacks and to expeditiously bring to justice the perpetrators of such attacks. We reiterate our condemnation of terrorist attacks in India, including 26/11 Mumbai and Pathankot attacks. We reaffirm UNSC Resolution 2593 (2021) that Afghan territory should not be used to threaten or attack any country, shelter or train terrorists, or plan or finance terrorist acts, with such ungoverned spaces being a direct threat to the safety and security of the Indo-Pacific.

The Quad is supporting regional neighbours to build resilience and counter disinformation. We will also coordinate efforts to assist partners across the Indo-Pacific to address the growing threat of ransomware, by strengthening capacity building to ensure resilient cyber security and to counter cybercrime. We are committed to promoting international peace and stability in cyberspace, and to helping build the capacity of regional countries to implement the UN Voluntary Framework for Responsible State Behaviour in Cyberspace.

Quad partners champion the free, open, and inclusive rules-based order, rooted in international law, that protects the sovereignty and territorial integrity of regional countries. We reaffirm our commitment to upholding and strengthening the rules-based multilateral trading system, with the World Trade Organization at its core. We oppose coercive economic policies and practices that run counter to this system and will work collectively to foster global economic resilience against such actions.

We express our commitment to strengthen our diplomatic efforts so that the vision for technologies, guided by the Quad Principles on Technology Design, Development, Governance, and Use, will be further shared by all like-minded nations.

Reflecting Quad leaders’ commitment to cooperate to establish responsible and resilient clean-energy supply chains, we welcome Australia’s proposal to host an Indo-Pacific Clean Energy Supply Chain Forum in mid-2022.

We reaffirm our belief that our people-to-people ties are among the Quad’s greatest strengths and welcomed the United States’ new exchange programs in the fields of cyber security, maritime security, countering disinformation, and promoting transparency in governance. We are exploring a track 1.5 dialogue between our respective strategic thinkers.

Alongside our Quad Foreign Ministers’ agenda, we welcome other ongoing work in delivering Quad Leaders’ ambitious initiatives in key areas, such as the Quad Vaccine Partnership, climate change, cyber security, infrastructure, and the peaceful use of outer space, education, and critical and emerging technologies.

We remain gravely concerned about the crisis in Myanmar and call for an end to violence, the release of all those arbitrarily detained, including foreigners, and unhindered humanitarian access. We reaffirm our support for ASEAN efforts to seek a solution in Myanmar and call on the military regime to urgently implement ASEAN’s Five-Point Consensus and swiftly return Myanmar to the path of democracy. We encourage the international community to work together to support an end to the violence.

We condemn North Korea’s destabilizing ballistic missile launches in violation of UN Security Council resolutions (UNSCRs), reaffirm our commitment to the complete denuclearisation of North Korea consistent with UNSCRs, and reconfirm the necessity of immediate resolution of the issue of Japanese abductees.

We look forward to Japan hosting the next Quad Leaders’ Summit in the first half of 2022.

We will continue to meet annually to deliver as a force for good for the region.

S. Jaishankar( India’s External Affairs Minister) - 

“Where we are concerned, we don’t follow a policy of national sanctions,” Mr. Jaishankar said, pointing out that India is “troubled” by the situation in Myanmar post-coup, but it's thinking is guided by concerns over cross border insurgencies, Covid infections, and concerns of a humanitarian situation that could arise from food shortages when asked about fresh US sanctions being placed on Myanmar.

Foreign Ministers of Australia, Japan and U.S. also took a sharp line on the build up of Russian troops along the border with Ukraine in recent weeks, where Mr. Blinken warned that “an invasion [by Russian troops] could begin at any time”. Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne expressed “deep concern” about Russian “aggression”, while Japanese Foreign Minister Yoshimasa raised tensions over Ukraine as well. However, Mr. Jaishankar did not speak about the issue, nor did the Russia-Ukraine situation find any mention in the joint statement. 

When asked by Australian journalists about India’s stand, Mr. Jaishankar said- 

that the Quad meeting was “focused on the Indo-Pacific. “So I think you should figure out the geography there, and where we stand,” he added.

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PM Modi and other leaders will exchange views and assessments about important developments in the Indo-Pacific.

(Photo: PTI)

Quad Leaders Virtual Meeting on 3rd March 2022

Joint Readout by the Quad Leaders-

Today the Quad Leaders – Prime Minister Scott Morrison of Australia, Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India, Prime Minister Fumio Kishida of Japan, and President Joe Biden of the United States – convened to reaffirm their commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific, in which the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states is respected and countries are free from military, economic, and political coercion. They reaffirmed their dedication to the Quad as a mechanism to promote regional stability and prosperity. 

The Quad leaders discussed the ongoing conflict and humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and assessed its

broader implications. They agreed to stand up a new humanitarian assistance and disaster relief

mechanism which will enable the Quad to meet future humanitarian challenges in the Indo-Pacific and

provide a channel for communication as they each address and respond to the crisis in Ukraine.

In their continuing pursuit of a free and open Indo-Pacific, the Quad Leaders agreed to meet in person in

Tokyo in the coming months.

Indian Ministry of External Affairs-

1. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will participate along with President of USA Joseph R. Biden,

Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison, and Prime Minister of Japan Fumio Kishida in a Quad

Leaders' virtual meeting on 3 March 2022.

2. The Leaders will have an opportunity to continue their dialogue after the September 2021

Summit in Washington DC. They will exchange views and assessments about important

developments in the Indo-Pacific. The Quad Leaders will also review ongoing efforts to implement

the Leaders’ initiatives announced as part of the Quad's contemporary and positive agenda.